Tasty, juicy plum - One of the favorite trees in the summer cottage, but also quite whimsical in care. But the result is worth it, besides you can choose a variety with your favorite taste.
And in order for the harvest to be generous, it is necessary to choose the seedling that is right for your region of growth.
Consider the best and most popular varieties of plums. After all, to choose the right tree, you should know its characteristics.
The best varieties of yellow plums and their description
Due to its bright golden color and interesting honey taste, it seems most attractive for cultivation. Below we describe those that are most popular and in demand.
Samoplodny grade, medium size, first harvest in the sixth year after planting. Parents of the variety are Renklod Ullensa and Skorospelka red, as a result of the crossing of which the Morning plum was obtained.
Fruits are harvested in early August, on average, 15-20 kg of plums are collected from a tree.
The fruits are round, rather large sizes, yellow with a greenish tint, in the sun may acquire a shade of pink.
The plum has a yellow, moderately juicy and hard pulp, not too honey, with a characteristic sourness due to the considerable presence of ascorbic acid.
The variety is not very stable to attacks of such pests as aphid and moth, there is no immunity to fruit rot, frost resistance is average.Variety plum Morning samoplodnaya, large-sized fruits, frost resistance average
Bred by free pollination Renklod yellow. Medium hardiness tree, poorly resists pests and diseases, which is a lack of variety.
Crop harvested in late summer. The fruits of this variety have an average size, bright honey-yellow color. They are juicy, with a grainy sweet-sour pulp.
Grade with high frost resistanceBecause it is suitable for growing even in very cold climates. Not self-fertile, so other plums are needed for pollination.
Fruiting the tree begins already five years after planting, in the best harvest years, allowing to collect from each about 30 kg of plums.
The fruits are large, moderately soft, the bone is well separated, pleasant honey aroma and taste. Plums are yellow with a greenish tint, sometimes with a blush.
The yield is early, and the fruits are capable of keeping ripe for a long time on the branches, not falling off.Plum varieties Early Loschinsky suitable for growing even in very cold climates, not samoplodnaya
One of the earliest grades of yellow plum, the harvest begins to take off in late July - early August. Other pollinating trees are needed, Renklod and Hungarian Early are most suitable.
A tall tree with a rounded, not very thickened crown, the most favorable for the rapid and uniform ripening of fruits.
You may be interested in our articles:
- A detailed description of the plum variety Candy.
- Description plum variety Chinese skoroplodnaya.
- Description varieties of plums Ural red.
The taste of plums is like real honey., thanks to which the variety got its name. The fruits themselves are large, sometimes of uneven size in one crop, rounded in shape with a dense yellow skin.
Plums in this class tolerate transportation., have good product qualities. Characterized by the presence of the pulp of a rich yellow color.
Juicy, very sweet with a moderately sour taste. Due to the structural density of the pulp is poorly separated from the bone.
White honey unpretentious to the area of growth, high-yielding, tolerates even the strongest frosts. It takes root in any climatic zone.
Early varieties of plums are those the harvest of which is beginning to gather from the end of July. Consider the most popular ones.
A medium-sized tree with a not too thick crown, the crop is harvested by the end of July. The variety is distinguished by large fruits. red with a violet shade of an oval, elongated shape. The flesh of the plums is yellow, dense, very sweet.
After landing begins to bear fruit in the third year, one plum can be removed about 12 kg of the crop. It grows well in sunny areas with moderate humidity. Eat fresh or canned.
Variety plum July fruits on the third year after planting, the fruits are large, very sweet
The variety is high yielding, regular fruiting from 3-4 years. From one tree you can regularly shoot up to 15 kg of dark-purple large fruits.
Plums have a waxy bloom, yellow sweet flesh with a pronounced sourish flavor, well separated from the stone.
The variety is winter hardiness. Zarechnaya plums are eaten fresh or prepared from it preservation.
High-yielding variety, one of the best among the yellow plums. The first crop is removed already 3-4 years after planting.
Especially appreciated for large yellow fruits with the original flavor of peach and pineapple, golden yellow color.
Distinctive feature is the location of the fruits on the branches, they seem to cling to them.Plum varieties Golden Ball high-yielding, fruits with the original flavor of peach and pineapple
Winterhardy grade, the first crop is removed already in 2-4 years, starting from the end of July. Plums are medium in size, red, with juicy, moderately sweet, aromatic pulp.
The variety is considered dessert.well transported. Up to 10 kg of crop is removed from one tree.
Carry to one of the best grades of mid-ripe plums Souvenir of the East and Romain.
The tree of this variety has a spreading crown, reaches 3 m in height. Large plums are round in shape, when ripe they turn orange. Over-grown fruits acquire burgundy color.
The flesh is orange-yellow, characterized by juicy and dense texture, crisp.
Plums have a sweet, spicy flavor. with sour and bright peach-like scent. The bone of the fruit is small, almost not separated, because it is preferable to use plum varieties Souvenir of the East fresh.
The variety is highly frost-resistant, has abundant spring flowering, needed plum pollinators. Fruit harvest from a single tree, formed in clusters, is collected up to 40-45 kg.
The variety is susceptible to perforated spotting, klyasterosporiozu, heavily endures the winter-spring thaw.Variety Oriental souvenir plum high frost-resistant, it is preferable to use the fruit fresh
Distinctive feature of Romain plum - red leaves and pulp, derived from the variety Krasnomasya. The crown is small, the fruits are rather small in the shape of a heart, burgundy in color, with a characteristic almond flavor.
Plums of this category bloom from mid-May, and the crop is removed by the end of September.
The tree of this variety is characterized by a medium-thick rounded crown. The first harvest comes after 3 years with large, regular fruit, purple-red color.
The flesh is very juicy, tender, orange in color, with a pleasant sour taste.
Juice Renklod plum turns colorless. Stone is well separated, suitable for preservation. Sort well transported and stored in the refrigerator.Renklod Michurinsky plum is well suited for preservation, is well transported and stored.
High-yielding variety, more than 40 kg of fruits are removed from one plant. Yellow plums, elongated, irregular elongated shape of medium size.
The flesh is light yellow in color, crispy and dense, sweet and sour, with firm skin and a poorly separated small bone.
Fruits are suitable for processing and use freshwell transported.
What are the best plum varieties for Moscow region?
Virtually all of the above varieties of plums suitable for cultivation in the suburbs. The following varieties are also suitable for growing in the Moscow region.
In addition to high frost resistance, the variety tolerates well. repeated spring frosts, which are often responsible for the death of the crop during the flowering period.
Fruiting is plentiful and regular, the harvest from one tree reaches 50 kg.
Plums of bright yellow color, have good sweet-sour taste, pleasant aroma.
The tree grows up to 5 m tall, tolerates drought, resistant to fungal and viral diseases.Plum Yakhontovaya perfectly tolerates frost and drought, resistant to fungal and viral diseases
Or cherry plum hybrid grows in almost all the gardens of the Moscow region. It is a hybrid variety of cherry plum, obtained by crossing it with the Ussuriisk plum, due to which the variety has acquired sufficient cold resistance.
From ordinary cherry plum also Differs moderately large fruits with juicy pulp.
Type of cherry plum obtained by breeding from the Kuban Comet plum.
A tree of medium height with a spreading crown. The fruits are bright yellow, rather large in size, with a pronounced plum aroma and delicate flavor.
Plum late maturity, the fruits are removed in September. It tolerates frost, high-yielding variety.
From one tree collect from 50 to 70 kg of purple oval plums with a bright aroma, sweet honey taste.High-yielding plum variety Hungarian Bogatyrskaya tolerates frost well
Cold-resistant gradeIt is immune to viral and fungal diseases. For landing it is better to choose a sunny place. A bountiful harvest Removed at the end of July.
We have described the best varieties of plums, from which each summer resident can choose a suitable variety, focusing on taste, resistance to diseases and frost, as well as other criteria.
When choosing a place for planting a sapling, give preference to well-lit and places not too blown by the winds.