In the post-revolutionary years, the Oka River began to actively develop agriculture. The owners of small plots noted that they receive the maximum yield from the cultivation of cucumbers. A number of varieties were gradually selected, and a special cultivation technology was developed, which are now known as Lukhovitsy cucumbers.
General description and characteristics of the variety
Lukhovitsy cucumbers - a collection of several varietiesthat are grown in the area Lukhovitsy, near the river Oka.
The special microclimate of the region had serious significance for growing crops. It is characterized by high humidity.
The most famous varieties of Lukhovitsy cucumbers include:
- Lukhovitsky f1.
Through the use of several different varieties, gardeners were able to collect the maximum number of advantages in Lukhovitsy cucumbers.
The advantages of the species include:
- compact size and smooth shape;
- the same length, which facilitates their conservation;
- breeding in the open and closed ground;
- high yield;
- good taste characteristics;
- earlier ripening;
- lack of bitterness;
- crisp, juicy pulp without voids;
- long keeping quality;
- disease resistance;
- possibility of transportation
Works on site preparation are carried out in two stages.. The first begins in the fall. It consists in the preparation of trenches for ridges and the preparation of humus.
The second stage is held in the spring, when snow has not yet melted. It consists in the formation of high warm ridges into which adult seedlings are transplanted or on which special seedlings are formed.
Future beds are prepared using a special technology:
- Trenches are dug up to a depth of 40 centimeters.
- Fertile soil is deposited separately.
- Trenches are enclosed by wooden boards, 25 centimeters high, the width of one ridge is 80-100 centimeters.
- In the spring, the prepared ridges are scalded with boiling water. It destroys pests.
- Lay out a layer of film on the bottom and fill it with sawdust with urea. The height of the layer is 12 centimeters.
- The second layer is manure heated to 50-60 degrees. The third is fertile soil.
- A dark film is laid over the soil. It allows you to create the necessary microclimate and prevents the appearance of weeds.
- After 3-4 days on the film make holes in increments of 30-40 centimeters. They are planted seeds for germination or already adult seedlings.
How to plant and grow Lukhov cucumbers:
Preparation of cucumber seedlings
When growing cucumbers in open ground, you must first prepare the seedlings. This is due to the fact that with strong temperature fluctuations at night and daytime, the seeds may not germinate.
Sowing seeds for seedlings produced in greenhouses. To do this, they are prepared in a special way:
- The bottom of large greenhouses is laid out with straw. It plays the role of heating seedlings from the root system.
- Pre-prepared soil is poured over the straw. It consists of a mixture of earth, peat and humus.
- Then laid cucumber seed. Before planting, the seeds are soaked in warm water or a weak solution of manganese. Seeds sprinkled with a thin layer of soil.
- Rassadny greenhouse closes 2 layers of plastic film.
During the cultivation of seedlings is important to observe the temperature. To do this, the layers of the film are periodically opened and closed.
Watering is done as needed. Also seed germination in special peat pots is allowed.
Lukhovitsy cucumbers are an early ripe variety. With an early and warm spring, the first harvest is obtained in the middle of May. The period of fruiting begins in 1 - 1.5 months after transplanting into the ground.
Varieties have a high yield.. Up to 6-7 kg of fruits are harvested from one bush during the season. To increase the yield of greenhouses, which have reached medium size.
The fruits are used for fresh consumption, cuts, salads, preservation and pickles.
The technology of growing Lukhovitsy cucumbers has proven its effectiveness years of research and extensive experience of gardeners. Currently, the popularity of the method is actively growing.
The technology is used not only in gardens, but also on an industrial scale for obtaining high-quality and abundant crops.