Bitter pepper on the windowsill is not only the necessary spice, which is always at hand, but also an excellent decorative decoration for the house, easy to grow. A pot with a bright beautiful plant will serve as an exquisite decor for any home, and the savory taste of such a spicy spice will make this pepper indispensable in the kitchen of every hostess.
It is possible to grow at home and sweet Bulgarian pepper and hot spicy, varieties Drakosh or another. How to plant seeds for seedlings and about the conditions of planting in the apartment will describe next.
For growing on the windowsill, the breeders specially bred several varieties of hot pepper. This indoor pepper is also divided into a fruit variety and decorative (without fruit).
The fruit variety of indoor hot pepper is a perennial that reaches in height no more than 40 cm. The plant has bright green leaves and multi-colored fruits of saturated color: scarlet, sunny or orange.
Growing indoor pepper is not difficult and does not require special knowledge and intricacies. Quite unpretentious and undemanding in care.Sill is ideal for growing light-loving pepper
Flowering begins in June. During this period, tender white flowers with a light yellowish tinge appear on the stems.
How to grow at home on the windowsill
In order to get a plant with beautiful fruits on the windowsill, it is necessary to sow the seeds for seedlings. Do it in late February - early March.
To speed up the process of seed growth, they can be thermally pre-treated. For this, seeds are poured with warm water (not higher than 40 degrees) and sealed in a thermos for 3 hours.
Soil and pot preparation
The soil for the seed must be selected nutrient. You can prepare it yourself. To do this, mix 5 parts of humus, 2 parts of sod land and peat and 1 part of sand. At the bottom of the tank there must be a drainage. Fine claydite or pebbles are suitable for this.Pepper needs nutrient soil
The soil must be further disinfected: treat with boiling water, or with a solution of potassium permanganate and thoroughly grind. Seeds are sown to a depth of 1 cm.
Growing seedlings from seed
The containers are covered with glass or film and left in a warm place where the temperature should not be below 20-25 degrees.
As a container, you can use a regular pot or box, it all depends on how much seed is sown.
The first shoots appear already after 7 - 10 days. There should be enough sunlight in the room.
When the first shoots appear, the plants dive into separate pots. When several true leaves appear on the shoots, they dive again, and the strongest and strongest shoots are chosen.Pepper seedlings need to dive after the first shoots
During the growth of seedlings it is necessary to ensure that the seedlings do not stretch much. To do this, they need to provide a certain ambient temperature.
When the first leaves appear, then within 7 days it is necessary to reduce the temperature to 20 degrees. And when there are three true leaves, it is imperative to reproduce the pick in a spacious pot. At a permanent place seedlings landed after 2 months after planting seeds.
Care for indoor bitter pepper
To grow bitter pepper on the windowsill you need to ensure it light and warm.
He loves this kind of pepper very much. The most optimal fertilizer is 2 tablespoons of ash mixed with 3 liters of water. The mixture should be well infused. Fertilize is necessary every two weeks.For feeding pepper suitable wood ash, diluted in water
Nitrogen fertilizers can be used, but much less frequently. With such fertilizers, it is important not to overdo it, otherwise you can be left without a crop.
The soil must be regularly loosened and watered two times a week warm otstoyannoy, or purified water. It is necessary to ensure that the soil in the pot does not dry out, but it is not constantly moist. Both will contribute to different diseases of the plant.
In winter, you can not use fertilizers and water the plant much less. If the air in the room is dry, you can slightly moisten the leaves by spraying them with water from a spray bottle.
If you follow all the recommendations and rules of growing the plant will bloom May - June, and fruiting will continue until the end of the autumn period.Subject to the recommendations of the pepper will bloom in early May
Until about February, the plant can be kept indoors at a cooler temperature, but not below 18 degrees.
But before the beginning of the growing season (usually it starts from February), the pot should be moved to a warmer room and cut it off. To do this, cut the stems so that they are no higher than 5 cm.
If you correctly follow all the recommendations for growing and caring for a plant: starting from the seed itself and ending with timely cutting, then such a pepper will retain its decorative effect and will actively bear fruit up to 5 years.
Diseases and pests
This kind of indoor plants can be subject to such diseases: leg blackening or leaf spotting. This happens when too abundant watering, which forms a stagnant water in the pot.Mealy dew on indoor pepper
The main pests of this pepper include aphid, spider mite and powdery mildew. Aphids or mites can appear with the help of the wind through an open window.
To combat the tick, you can use the plant itself. For this, it is necessary to chop the pepper seeds together with the internal veins and pour water on them for a day. Then you need to add to the mixture a little ground soap and spray the plant. To completely get rid of pests, it is enough to carry out three spraying procedures.
With proper cultivation and care, the plant will delight the eyes with excellent decoration for 5 whole years, and its fruits will be a spicy spice in the kitchen.