For many years now, Tomato Dubrava has been known to gardeners as one of the most proven old-timers. The variety has been cultivated in Russia since the times of the USSR. Dubrava tomatoes have many advantages: high yield, resistance to disease. Characteristics varieties, pros and cons, ways to care in the article.
Description of tomato Dubrava
Many gardeners from the entire list of proposed varieties of tomatoes tend to choose those that do not require greenhouses, pasynkovaniya, tying and do not need careful care. One of such representatives is considered a tomato Dubrava.Dubrava - the choice of many gardeners for ease of care
According to the description, the tomato bush is undersized and reaches a height of 50-65 cm. Therefore, the variety needs sufficient area for growth. For one bush you need an area of 30: 40cm. Compact, ornamental shrubs can be grown on the garden, on the windowsill and balcony.
With good care, the plant can produce up to 2 kg of fruits from one bush. Fruits of bright red color reach a mass of 50-100 grams.
Tomatoes feel comfortable with high humidity and high temperature. There is a significant increase in yield, subject to all conditions. Tomato tastes are excellent, with inherent sweetness and dry flesh.The flavor qualities of the variety made it popular in cooking.
Hard fruits, amenable to transportation. If the fetus is torn off in an unripe condition, then already after a couple of days it fully ripens. The grade is suitable for processing, conservation, juice, the fresh use.
Advantages and disadvantages
Main advantages varieties are:
- early maturity;
- ease of care;
- resistance to temperature extremes;
- high yield;
- can be grown without tying.
Minus grade in that it is impossible to cultivate seeds in an open ground. The plant reproduces only with the help of seedlings.
According to the reviews of gardeners, it is safe to say that there is nothing difficult in growing the Dubrava variety. If you compare it with many European varieties, the variety is very easy to clean.
Subtleties growing tomato
It is allowed to grow tomatoes in the greenhouse, but you need to land it as soon as possible. The air temperature at night should not fall below 5 degrees, otherwise the seedlings will freeze.
The procedure for planting Dubrava
For planting seeds you need to purchase a special sand mixture, which is sold in specialized stores. You can use the substrates that remained after other crops: zucchini, greenery.
Before using the soil it should be disinfected. To do this, you can immerse in the oven and calcined.
Seeds for seedlings should be sown at the end of March. Also it is recommended to take into account the geographical location: in the southern regions - earlier, in the northern - later. For sowing seeds, you need to prepare a plastic or peat container so that each one has holes at the bottom for convenient watering of seedlings.
When preparing seeds, it is advisable to treat them with a growth stimulator and disinfect them in a 2% solution of potassium permanganate. Such methods of preparation will help to quickly ascend the seed and protect against diseases.Dubrava seeds require preparation before planting, growth stimulant, manganese solution
Planting and growing rules seed:
- place the seeds in the soil at a depth of 2 cm;
- sprayer moisten the soil;
- Cover the box with seedlings with a film or glass and place in the sun (t 25C);
- when sprouts with 4-6 leaves appear, seedlings can be transplanted into the soil.
When a seedling is 50-60 days old, it can be begin to harden out (t 15-20С)
Step-by-step process of growing a variety at the dacha
Landing is carried out at a soil temperature of at least 15C. The main thing is not to be at night frosts. Landing stages:
- plant Dubrava tomatoes well, where zucchini, legumes, and greens used to grow;
- locality must be well lit;
- on 1 square. meter planted no more than 4 bushes tomato;
- seedlings are instilled 10 cm into the soil at an angle. The plant will rise by itself;
- the first 14 days are needed plentifully water the seedlings.
The most important thing is to prevent the drought of tomatoes. Tomatoes Dubrava moisture-loving. They do not need tying bushes and removing stepchildren.
It is important to weed on time and periodically loosen the soil. Before planting seedlings, the soil can be treated with a mixture of soap solution and nitroammophos from the sprayer.
Pest and disease control measures
Indicator of the health of the plant - the color of foliage. If seedlings begins to turn yellow, it means that tomatoes do not feel comfortable. You need to carefully inspect the shrub:
- if there are red streaks on the sheets, this indicates a lack of nitrogen;
- leaves turn yellow and stained - lack of zinc;
- leaves turn yellow and have a white sheen - a lack of iron.
To combat the pest should be as follows:
- hang adhesive tapes in the greenhouse;
- spray the greenhouse with infusion of herbs: dandelion root, garlic, onion peel;
- Chemical processing: Actellic, Aktara, Pegasus, Akarin, Fitoverm.
One more dangerous pest - scoop. It strikes bring, buds, flowers, fruits. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to treat the plants with infusions of calendula, burdock, and wormwood. Also suitable chemical treatment: Alatar, Iskra M, Fitoverm.
Medvedka on tomatoes gnaws the roots and stems, preventing the fruit from developing. To fight insects use drugs: Thunder, Force, Medvetoks. They are buried right in the ground. The remedy “Fitoverm” will help from the nematode, and the Iskra M or Kemifox will save from the post-mineral.
- White fly
Dubrava tomatoes - high-yielding culture, the advantage of which - excellent taste and resistance to diseases. You rich harvest!